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Aluminum Alloy Die Casting: Development History, Features and Surface Treatment

2022-08-04 11:33:42

Aluminum Alloy Die Casting:  Development History, Features and Surface Treatment

Aluminum alloy die-casting products are mainly used in electronics, automobiles, motors, home appliances and some communication industries. Some high-quality aluminum alloy products with high performance, high precision and high toughness are also used in large aircraft, ships and other industries with relatively high requirements. . The main use is still on the parts of some instruments.

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Development History

There are different opinions on the development history of die-casting. According to the records of relevant articles, die-casting lead appeared at first. In 1822, Willam Church built a type casting machine with a daily output of 12,000 to 20,000 types. And more than two decades later, J.J. Sturgiss designed and built the first manual piston hot-chamber die-casting machine, which was patented in the United States. In 1885, Mergenthaler studied previous patents and invented the printing die-casting machine. By the 1860s it was used in the production of zinc alloy die-casting parts. Die casting was widely used in industrial production only at the beginning of the last century. In 1905, H. H. Doehler successfully developed die-casting machines, die-casting zinc, tin, and copper alloy castings for industrial production. Then Wagner designed a gooseneck pneumatic die casting machine for the production of aluminum alloy die castings.

Die Casting Features

1. Wide range of die casting

2. Castings have high dimensional accuracy and low surface roughness

3. High productivity

4. High metal utilization rate

5. High casting strength and surface hardness

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surface treatment

1. Aluminum phosphating

The effects of accelerators, fluorides, Mn2+, Ni2+, Zn2+, PO4 and Fe2+ on the phosphating process of aluminum were studied in detail by means of SEM, XRD, potential-time curves, and film weight changes. Studies have shown that guanidine nitrate has the characteristics of good water solubility, low dosage and rapid film formation, and is an effective accelerator for phosphating of aluminum materials. Fluoride can promote film formation, increase film weight, and refine grains; Mn2+ and Ni2+ can significantly refine grains, make the phosphating film uniform and dense, and improve the appearance of the phosphating film; when the concentration of Zn2+ is low, the film cannot be formed Or the film formation is poor, with the increase of Zn2+ concentration, the film weight increases; PO4 content has a great influence on the phosphating film weight, and PO4 is increased. The content increases the weight of the phosphating film.

2. Alkaline Electropolishing Process for Aluminum

The research on the alkaline polishing solution system was carried out, and the effects of corrosion inhibitors and viscosity agents on the polishing effect were compared, and an alkaline solution system with good polishing effect was successfully obtained. Additives that improve longevity while also improving polishing results. The experimental results show that adding appropriate additives in NaOH solution can produce good polishing effect. The exploratory experiment also found that the reflectivity of the aluminum surface can reach 90% after DC electropolishing with NaOH solution of glucose under certain conditions, but further research is needed due to the unstable factors in the experiment. The feasibility of using DC pulse electrolytic polishing method to polish aluminum under alkaline conditions was explored. The results show that the use of pulse electrolytic polishing method can achieve the leveling effect of DC constant voltage electrolytic polishing, but its leveling speed is slow.

3. Environmentally friendly chemical polishing of aluminum and aluminum alloys

It is determined to develop a new environmentally friendly chemical polishing technology based on phosphoric acid monosulfuric acid, which should achieve zero emission of NOx and overcome the quality defects of previous similar technologies. The key to the new technology is to add some compounds with special effects to the base fluid to replace nitric acid. To this end, it is first necessary to analyze the triacid chemical polishing process of aluminum, especially the effect of nitric acid. The main function of nitric acid in chemical polishing of aluminum is to inhibit pitting corrosion and improve polishing brightness. Combined with the chemical polishing test in pure phosphoric acid-sulfuric acid, it is believed that the special substances added in phosphoric acid-sulfuric acid should be able to inhibit pitting corrosion, slow down general corrosion, and must have better leveling and brightening effects.

4. Electrochemical Surface Strengthening Treatment of Aluminum and Its Alloys

The process, properties, morphology, composition and structure of ceramic-like amorphous composite conversion films formed by anodic oxidation deposition of aluminum and its alloys in neutral systems were preliminarily discussed. The process research results show that in the Na_2WO_4 neutral mixed system, the concentration of the film-forming accelerator is controlled to be 2.5-3.0g/l, the concentration of the complexing-film-forming agent is 1.5-3.0g/l, and the concentration of Na_2WO_4 is 0.5-0.8g/l , the peak current density is 6~12A/dm~2, and weak stirring can obtain a gray series inorganic non-metallic film layer with complete uniformity and good gloss. The film thickness is 5-10 μm, the microhardness is 300-540HV, and the corrosion resistance is excellent. The neutral system has good adaptability to aluminum alloys, and can form films well on various series of aluminum alloys such as rust-proof aluminum and forged aluminum.

ZheJiang Dongrun Casting Industry Co,.Ltd was built in 1995, We have been in the casting industry for more than 25 years. No matter what type of molding you need done, we are the right supplier for your jobs. Unlike other of our competition, we offer four types of castings.
sand casting

        ❖Sand casting

        ❖Gravity Die Casting

        ❖High pressure Die casting

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Dongrun Casting have 20000 square meters facility houses and 200 production & test equipment, From quotation and tooling design to casting and finished machining, we  can work with you at every stage. We serves wide range of industries-from Fortune 500 corporations to small and midsize OEMs. Our products includes:

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