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Difference Between Die Casting VS Sand Casting

2023-07-13 10:50:38

Difference Between Die Casting VS Sand Casting

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Casting is creating various metallic equipment from the molten form of the same metal. The most famous methods are die casting and sand casting. While considering the requirements, there is always a constant comparison between these methods. Let us understand the significant differences between die casting versus sand casting.


    • Die Casting: Die casting is a process in which molten metal is forced into a mold cavity under high pressure. The mold, called a die, is usually made of steel and consists of two halves that are clamped together. The molten metal is injected into the die cavity, and once it solidifies, the mold is opened, and the part is ejected.

    • Sand Casting: Sand casting, also known as sand molding, is a process that uses a mold made of sand to create the desired shape. The mold is formed by packing the sand around a pattern (a replica of the final part), which is then removed to create a cavity. Molten metal is poured into the cavity, and once it cools and solidifies, the sand mold is broken to retrieve the part.

  1. Complexity and Design:

    • Die Casting: Die casting is well-suited for producing complex, high-precision parts with fine details and tight tolerances. The molds used in die casting allow for intricate designs and consistent reproduction of parts.

    • Sand Casting: Sand casting is better suited for producing larger, less intricate parts with more flexibility in design. It is often used for casting heavy and irregularly shaped components.

  2. Surface Finish:

    • Die Casting: Die casting generally results in a smooth, high-quality surface finish. The molds used in die casting can provide excellent detail and surface texture to the final part.

    • Sand Casting: Sand casting may produce a rougher surface finish compared to die casting. The texture and finish of the final part are dependent on the quality of the sand mold and the casting process.

  3. Production Rate:

    • Die Casting: Die casting is a faster process compared to sand casting, as it involves injecting molten metal under pressure into the die. The cycle times for die casting are generally shorter, allowing for higher production rates.

    • Sand Casting: Sand casting is a slower process compared to die casting. The creation of the sand mold, pouring of molten metal, and cooling time significantly contribute to longer cycle times, making it less efficient for high-volume production.

  4. Material Compatibility:

    • Die Casting: Die casting is commonly used for non-ferrous metals, such as aluminum, zinc, and magnesium alloys. These metals have lower melting points, making them suitable for the die casting process.

    • Sand Casting: Sand casting can accommodate both non-ferrous and ferrous metals, including cast iron, steel, and various alloys. The higher melting points of ferrous metals make them more suitable for sand casting.

Overall, die casting is preferred for high-volume production of complex, precise parts with a smooth surface finish, while sand casting is suitable for larger parts with simpler designs and lower production quantities.

ZheJiang Dongrun Casting Industry Co,.Ltd was built in 1995, We have been in the casting industry for more than 25 years. No matter what type of molding you need done, we are the right supplier for your jobs. Unlike other of our competition, we offer four types of castings.
sand casting

        ❖Sand casting

        ❖Gravity Die Casting

        ❖High pressure Die casting

        ❖Low pressure casting

Dongrun Casting have 20000 square meters facility houses and 200 production & test equipment, From quotation and tooling design to casting and finished machining, we  can work with you at every stage. We serves wide range of industries-from Fortune 500 corporations to small and midsize OEMs. Our products includes:

      ❖   Automotive&Trucking

      ❖   Utilities Industry

      ❖   Metering System

      ❖   HVAC

        ❖   Medical Device

        ❖   Electrical Lighting

        ❖   Architectural parts

        ❖   Furniture parts

Browse our online showroom to see what we can do for you. And then E-mail:dongrun@dongruncasting.com us your specifications or inquiries today